urban75 blog

In praise of the 1970s obscure: Press cuttings for Jackson Heights, Lee Jackson and Refugee

Even by my standards this is pretty niche stuff, but I thought it might be of interest to one or two people out there.

When I was a kid, I became a huge fan of Jackson Heights, an early 1970s, doomed to failure folk/rock outfit led by Lee Jackson, formerly of prog rock supergroup, The Nice (they split up after Keith Emerson quite to form ELP).

[Inside cover artwork from King’s Progress]

With a laid back and melancholic air, they were never going to be big stars, and after releasing four albums and four singles – none of which came close to troubling the charts – they split up, with leader Lee Jackson going on to form the short-lived, prog-rock-tastic Refugee.

Sadly for Lee, history was soon going to repeat himself. Just as Refugee started to break through and the success that had eluded him for so long beckoned, keyboard player Moraz buggered off to join Yes.

Tenaciously, Jackson went on to form one last band called ‘Stripjack’ who soon disappeared after a few gigs.

Me and Jackson Heights

I’m not sure how Jackson Heights first came to my attention. No one at my school had heard of them and despite the few press cuttings here, they were rarely written about.

I suspect it may be because I picked up a cheap copy of their first album ‘King’s Progress’, tempted by the glossy Hypnosis-designed gatefold sleeve and my modest interest in The Nice.

Released in 1970, the album had precious little connection with the thundering Hammond-driven pomp of The Nice, but I was immediately hooked on its sunny, all-acoustic folkiness, and I liked the environmental-conscious title track.

The next album I picked up was Ragamuffin’s Fool – their third album release – and I liked this one a whole lot more.

Quintessentially British with an eccentric choice of material spanning folk to country, the 10 track LP  is laced with harmonies and lovely Mellotron keyboards.

Standout tracks include the reflective ‘Oh You Beauty,’ and the wonderful ‘Bebop’ with its beautiful looped keyboard motif.

Their fourth and last album, Bump and Grind (1973) (with dodgy cover) saw Jackson throw the kitchen sink into production, with a full orchestra being employed on some tracks, backed by world class drummers such as Michael Giles and Ian Paice.

There’s some cracking tracks on the album too (‘It’s a Shame’ is a slice of pure just-divorced melancholy), but once again sales were catastrophic and the album bombed.

My favourite album of all, their second release, ‘Fifth Avenue Bus,’ proved unbelievably difficult to track down.

Unleashed to little interest in 1972, the melodic folk/pop album covers a lot of ground lyrically, with tales of suicides by disused railway tunnels, twisted Pastors, biting dogs, drinking wine with friends, the end of summer and houses in the country.

Some of the tracks have dated a little, but I still absolutely love the album: it has a wonderful autumnal, curl up next to the fire vibe with some fantastic playing.

The gatefold cover is fun too, with the bus doors on the front opening to reveal a picture of the band. That kind of high production must have cost Lee a few quid.

A poster on YouTube summed up the band:

Jackson Heights are so forgotten. It is great to see a few folks appreciate their records. I have loved them down through the years. Beautiful, moving songs, fabulous vocal arrangements, Brian Chatton playing exquisite piano, and a lot of Michael Giles on drums.

There must still be some interest in this release as the vinyl album remains something of a rarity, with mint copies going for up to €240 on Discogs. I won’t be selling mine any time soon!

After the demise of Jackson Heights, Lee Jackson reunited with his old mate and ace drummer Brian Davison to form Refugee with keyboard whizkid Patrick Moraz.

As the press cuttings below explain, after a hugely successful first album, Jackson was once again shafted as Moraz quit on the eve of recording their second album.

According to all reports, Lee Jackson is still alive and playing and even has an active Facebook page dedicated to him.

Wikipedia reports:

Lee Jackson has played bass in a New Orleans-style rock ‘n’ roll and jazz band, called the Ginger Pig, based in Northampton, for more than twenty years since returning to the UK. He also formed a small combo called ‘Lee Jackson’s Barking Spyders’, with members of a Beatles tribute band called Accrington Stanley.

The Nice briefly reunited in 2002 and recorded a live album called Vivacitas which featured live favourites from the band’s heyday between 1967 and 1970.

Sadly, Brian Davison died on 15 April 2008 aged 65 from a brain tumour with Keith Emerson following on 11 March 2016 of an apparently self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head.

Press cuttings

I’d used one of my old schoolbooks to keep press cuttings related to the band – it would later contain articles about the Blue Nile and Prefab Sprout – and I’d thought I’d share them here:

Ragamuffin’s Fool album review
Melody Maker, Nov 4th, 1972
A fairly positive review, praising Michael Giles’ ‘brilliant drumming’ and the ‘dense beauty’ of ‘Bebop.’ 

Jackson Heights interview
Melody Maker, 1972
Interview with Lee Jackson about the forthcoming third Jackson Heights’ album, “Ragamuffin’s Fool.”

Lee Set for New Heights
Sounds, June 2nd 1973
Lee Jackson talks about the upcoming debut Refugee album

Refugee from Grand Canyon
Sounds, April 13, 1974
Lee Jackson talks about new keyboard player Patrick Moraz and the debut Refugee album

Refugee from Obscurity
Melody Maker, April 27, 1974
Drummer Brian Davison talks about reuniting with his old friend Lee Jackson and the ups and downs of his career.

Giving Lee-way
Sounds, June 8th, 1974
Penny Valentine interviews Lee Jackson as Refugee’s career kicks off to a successful start

Refugee Promo Adverts
Melody Maker, April/June 1974
Promotional adverts and a Croydon gig from the Melody Maker

How Does It Feel…
Sounds, Aug 24, 1974
Lee Jackson talks about life after another keyboard player has buggered off and left his career in the lurch. He’s incredibly magnanimous.

Press adverts

[Caravan and Jackson Heights tour advert, September 1970]

[Joint Caravan and Jackson Heights LP on Les Disques Motors label, 1973]

 

[Flyer for Free/Jackson Heights show at The Dome, Brighton, Sept 28th, 1970]

[Jackson Heights at the 1972 Reading Festival – more about the festival here]

Rave video unearthed!

I’m indebted to Kev Conlon who found this rare French video footage of Jackson Heights being interviewed and playing live.

I don’t recognise the first song but there’s a positively blistering version of ‘Mr Screw’ at 9.12, followed by a Pink Floyd-esque ‘Insomnia’ at 15.12 and ‘The Cry Of Eugene’ at 23.30.

Jackson Heights bio

Wikipedia has this information on the band:

After the break-up of The Nice in 1969, each of that group’s three members formed a group of his own, and those three groups toured together : Emerson formed Emerson, Lake & Palmer, Davison’s group was named Every Which Way, and Jackson appeared with Jackson Heights.

Jackson Heights’ debut album, King Progress, included a reworking of “The Cry Of Eugene”, a song originally recorded by The Nice, and new material including “Doubting Thomas” and “Insomnia”. The group, which included Charlie Harcourt on lead guitar, Mario Enrique Covarrubias Tapia on bass and Tommy Sloane on drums, produced a radically different sound from that with which Jackson had become well-known, centred upon songs and led by acoustic guitar played by Lee Jackson mostly.

This group disbanded shortly after the first album’s release and reformed as a trio featuring pianist Brian Chatton (born 19 July 1948, Bolton, Lancashire) – who played with Jon Anderson’s Warriors and Phil Collins’s Flaming Youth – and singer/songwriter/guitarist John McBurnie, with Jackson mainly playing bass as well as acoustic guitars. The group left the Charisma label and signed with Vertigo, for whom they recorded three albums, The Fifth Avenue Bus and Ragamuffins Fool (1972) and Bump ‘n’ Grind (1973). And then the group disbanded when Jackson teamed up with Patrick Moraz and Brian Davison and formed Refugee in 1973.

Some impressive musicians came within the orbit of the band over the years, particularly in the drumming department, which saw heavyweight tub thumpers like Michael Giles and Ian Wallace (King Crimson) and Ian Paice (Deep Purple).

Also making an appearance on the band’s last album was Lee’s old pal, Keith Emerson.

Band members

  • Lee Jackson – electric bass, acoustic 6 and 12 string guitars, percussion, harp, vocals
  • Charlie Harcourt – electric and acoustic guitars, keyboards, vocals (first album only)
  • Tommy Sloane – drums, percussion (first album only)
  • Mario Enrique Covarrubias Tapia – bass, Spanish guitars, vocals (first album only)
  • Brian Chatton – keyboards, vocals ( last three albums)
  • John McBurnie – acoustic 6 and 12 string guitars, Mellotron, keyboards, percussion, vocals ( last three albums)

Guests

  • Chris Laurence – bass on Bump ‘n’ Grind
  • Bill Bell – banjo on Bump ‘n’ Grind
  • Michael Giles – drums, percussions on the last three albums
  • Ian Wallace – drums, percussions on Bump ‘n’ Grind
  • Ian Paice – drums on Bump ‘n’ Grind
  • Keith Emerson – Moog programming on Bump ‘n’ Grind
  • Ian Green : Orchestra conductor (on Bump n’ Grind)
  • Johnny Van Derrick : Violin soloist (on Bump n’ Grind)
  • Alan Travers, Andy Babynchuk, Cathy Wei, Clare Farmer, David Woodcock, Eddy Roberts, Liz Edwards, Gavyn Wright, Godfrey Salmon, Jeff Grey, Louise Jopling, Paul Pearce : Violins (on Bump n’ Grind)
  • Brian Hawkins, Brian Mack, Don McVay, Jan Schlapp : Violas (on Bump n’ Grind)
  • Helen Liebmann, Lynden Cranham, Martin Robinson, Mike Hurwitz : Cello (on Bump n’ Grind)
  • Billy Bell : Banjo (on Bump n’ Grind)

Discography

  • King Progress (Charisma, 1970)
  • The Fifth Avenue Bus (Vertigo, 1972)
  • Ragamuffins Fool (Vertigo, 1972)
  • Bump ‘n’ Grind (Vertigo, 1973)

More info

Jackson Heights info on Discogs and Lee Jackson Facebook page

Chat about the band on the forum