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football fans and the law   After the Act?
  The (re)construction and regulation of football fandom

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abstract - introduction - Govt and regulation - Criminal Justice Act - Other CJA provisions - Conclusion

This piece focuses on the effect of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994 upon the civil liberties of football supporters.

Drawing upon historical incidents of regulation dating back to the earliest incarnations of football and examining the plethora of legislation that followed the moral panics of the 1980's, the piece puts the recent regulations within their historical and cultural context.

The piece goes on to show that the partial effectiveness of much of the earlier provisions is likely to be mirrored in the new legislation for a number of reasons, concluding that the shifting nature of football fandom necessitates a fresh approach in terms for legislating for football.

This article first appeared in the Journal of Civil Liberties and is reproduced with their permission.

(Enquiries about the Journal of Civil Liberties including subscription rates etc can be obtained from Abby Cathcart at the Legal Services Unit, University of Northumbria at Newcastle, Sutherland Building, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 8ST Telephone: 0191 233 0099)

Article by Steve Greenfield & Guy Osborn, Senior Law Lecturers, Centre for the Study of Law, Society and Popular Culture, University of Westminster. Email: Steve Greenfield & Guy Osborn

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